We know as Christians that Christ's shadow can be found within the confines of the TANAKH and it is an interesting topic to see Christ found even in the OT before he came into the world through the virgin birth.
To begin with there is the subject of Abraham in Genesis 22:8 where Abraham says that God will provide a lamb for the burnt offering. What makes this interesting is the fact Abraham saw a ram with it's head caught in a thornbush. Obviously Christ wasn't burned, but what was the connection that was made, A lamb was provided in the place of Isaac, just as Christ was a substitute for us, to cleanse us from transgression. The subject of the method of sacrificing is not an issue that Christians think about, it's what the lamb's sacrifice was pointing to, a righteous substitute. Another thing is the hill that Abraham was about to sacrifice Isaac on the altar on the very mountain that Jesus was crucified. One who raises the point about Christ not being a burnt offering as an argument miss the entire point that Christians make regarding this point.
Joseph has even some similarities to Jesus himself, both were betrayed by one of their own, Joseph was sold by his brothers because of what Judah suggested to them in Genesis 37 and Jesus was betrayed by Judas. Both Joseph and Jesus were sold for a price, pieces of silver (20 for Joseph, 30 for Jesus). Mike Pilavachi of Spring Harvest has suggested that inflation was allowed to happen regarding the pieces of silver count. Also, God used Joseph to bring about Israel's survival by saving them from a famine and Christ was used by the Father to bring salvation to his people Israel and the world. Both were used to save Israel in one way or another.
The New Testament points to Jesus being the Passover Lamb that has been slain, and Jesus was slain at Passover. Even if though the Exodus story doesn't mention repentance, that isn't what Paul is conveying when he alludes to the Passover. In other words, Just as the blood was used to cover the doorpost and cause the angel of death to Passover the Israelites, so the blood of Christ which we are washed in, causes God's wrath to Passover us. Paul does mention putting away the old leaven (evil and sin), but his point, again, the blood on the door post and the blood of Jesus acting as a protective covering from God's wrath.
I am aware Asher Meza brings up the subject of goats and sheep in Exodus 12:5 in one video he did, but he still misses the entire point that Paul was once again conveying.
The sacrificial system also pointed to Jesus himself, the need for atonement and a substitute to cleanse use from our sins and make us clean. We also have Melchidezek who was a priestly king in the TANAKH who gave Abraham and his troops bread and wine and blessed them in the name of the Most High God.
In a lecture done by David Pawson on Genesis, he mentions several others including the ladder of Jacob, the punishment of the serpent being bruised and Jesus being the second man or second adam. Here are some highlighted in the NT.
"Romans 5:18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous"
"John 1:43 The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. Finding Philip, he said to him, “Follow me.”
44 Philip, like Andrew and Peter, was from the town of Bethsaida. 45 Philip found Nathanael and told him, “We have found the one Moses wrote about in the Law, and about whom the prophets also wrote—Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”
46 “Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?” Nathanael asked.
“Come and see,” said Philip.
47 When Jesus saw Nathanael approaching, he said of him, “Here truly is an Israelite in whom there is no deceit.”
48 “How do you know me?” Nathanael asked.
Jesus answered, “I saw you while you were still under the fig tree before Philip called you.”
49 Then Nathanael declared, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the king of Israel.”
50 Jesus said, “You believe[h] because I told you I saw you under the fig tree. You will see greater things than that.” 51 He then added, “Very truly I tell you,[i] you[j] will see ‘heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending on’[k] the Son of Man.”"
And of course back in the TANAKH
"Genesis 3:14 So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this,
“Cursed are you above all livestock
and all wild animals!
You will crawl on your belly
and you will eat dust
all the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity
between you and the woman,
and between your offspring[a] and hers;
he will crush[b] your head,
and you will strike his heel.”"
Pawson goes into greater length in his talk on Genesis when speaking on Joseph which I would recommend.
It is very interesting to see things that point to Jesus within the Old Testament, sometimes there are things that we don't even notice until we dig a little deeper.
There are also the Messianic Prophecies pointing to the servant of the LORD, found in such chapters as Isaiah 42, 49 ,50, and 52:13-53:12. The last passage especially what the Messiah would come to do, and that is to suffer and die as a ransom for many and in Isaiah 42 is sent to bring justice to the nations. In his response to Eli Cohen, Nakdimon316 goes into greater detail than I regarding these servant passages and even goes into specific details, those videos are worth checking out.
I am aware that modern day Jews have no problem with the Messianic interpretation of Isaiah 53, Some even say Messiah and Israel suffer together, but they will say this refutes the Christian view. Nothing can be further from the truth because if Jesus is the subject of Isaiah 53, who is he suffering on behalf of? The righteous remnant of Israel, but not only that, he is suffering on behalf of the Gentiles who would believe.
In one of my articles responding to Yisroel Blumenthal I have said the following. (Yisroel's objection is in italics):
""III. 7. Page 43
Brown points to the passage in Isaiah 49 where God’s servant is called “Israel” yet is sent to redeem Israel. Brown argues that this can only be referring to an individual within the nation. According to Brown this individual can only be the Messiah. Brown seems to have forgotten Isaiah 51:12-16 where Israel is being addressed in plural terminology, yet they are sent to declare to Zion that they are God’s nation. It is obvious that the servant who is sent to Israel is not an individual but rather a plural entity. It is the righteous of Israel as Rashi affirms.
It is also interesting to note that this interpretation is supported by the Christian scriptures. Acts 13:47 interprets Isaiah 49:6, which speaks of the individual servant, as a reference to the righteous community."
The NT application of Isaiah 49 wouldn't refute the Messianic application given by Christians. On the contrary, Rabbinic Jews today claim that the Messiah and Israel are found collectively in Isaiah 53, So the same thing would be the case in Isaiah 49. The Messiah is made a light to the nations and so will also those who put their trust in the Messiah. Not to mention the Messiah in Isaiah 53 suffers on behalf of the rightous remnant, as well as the nations who put their trust in him.." (http://answering-judaism.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/examination-of-some-arguments-raised-by_27.html).
This to me lends more credibility to the Christian interpretation of the suffering servant passages rather than an outright refutation of it.
It is sad that many liberal Christians today seem to disregard many of these prophecies and cut the Bible up with a pair of scissors, but that's unfortunately something that we have to put up with and try to repudiate.
One thing I can say is the return of the Messiah is drawing nearer. To all man, Let him who is holy continue to be holy and may he who is unholy be granted repentance.
Amen Come Lord Jesus. Hope this article has been a blessing.
Addendum: Though the sages look at Isaiah 53 midrashically as the Messiah, they nevertheless recognise a Messianic dimension, although their interpretations are different from Christians.